What is Hyperpigmentation

  • Darkening of an area of skin caused by the overproduction of the skin pigment, melanin.
  • skin darkening following an inflammatory lesion like acne
  • Melasma and melanosis are caused due to sun exposure.

What happens in Hyperpigmentation?

Hyperpigmentation occurs when
  • An abnormally high concentration of melanocytes produce melanin ( or )
  • Melanocytes are hyperactive.
  • Sun exposure stimulates the production of melanin.

Whom does it affect?

  • It can affect both the genders irrespective of their age but is more prevalent in women.
  • Exposure to sunlight, pregnancy, acne, menopause and certain medications cause hyperpigmentation and dark spots.
  • Hyperpigmentation can affect any part of the body including the face, hands, and neck.
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